Resistance thermometers, also called resistive thermal devices (RTDs), are temperature sensors that exploit the predictable change in electrical resistance of some materials with changing temperature. Because they are almost invariably made of platinum, they are often called platinum resistance thermometers (PRTs). They are slowly replacing the use of thermocouples in many industrial applications below 600 °C, due to higher accuracy and repeatability. These sensors also have low drift, wide operating range, and higher precision.
A thermostat is the component of a control system which regulates the temperature of a system so that the system’s temperature is maintained near a desired set-point temperature. The thermostat does this by switching heating or cooling devices on or off, or regulating the flow of a heat transfer fluid as needed, to maintain the correct temperature.
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